Pros and Cons of Public Cloud Computing

Cloud computing is essentially delivering IT services such as storing data and providing applications over the internet. Cloud computing services are of three types- private cloud computing, public cloud computing, and hybrid cloud computing. Out of the three types, public cloud computing is preferred by most small and medium business owing to the cost effectiveness of the model. Public cloud service providers offer resources to multiple users. These services are free or are available on a pay-as-you go model. While using public cloud server can help you save costs, there are also some disadvantages too, associated with its usage. To give you a balanced perspective and to help you determine if the model is best suited for your business, the post lists some pros  and cons of public cloud computing. Take a look.


1. Scalability

Resources within a public cloud such as virtual machines can be created and discontinued according to user needs and demands. Further, many public cloud service providers offer cloud Application Programming Interface (used to develop applications and processes that help manage hardware, software, and platforms hosted on the cloud) access to their users, which helps kill servers they no longer need.

2. Affordability  

The responsibility of maintaining hardware, and applications hosted on the cloud lies with the public cloud service provider, which helps in saving costs. Further, you are required to pay only for the services you use. Public cloud service providers have many users sharing resources which helps the provider offer better packages to their clients.

3. Flexibility  

Unlike private clouds that is designed around specific business requirements, public cloud packages are available online. You can buy these packages and configure them through the public cloud service provider’s website according to your business needs.

Related read - Public Cloud versus Private Cloud


1. Security Issues

Using a public cloud would mean less control over security and privacy features. Though your managers can customize different settings at the operating system level, your public cloud service provider has full control over security features at the physical level. Further if the host crashes, users are exposed to data loss issues.

2. Compliance Issues

Public cloud services can be provided from any part of the world. Further, many public cloud service providers operate from different regions which can result in reporting and compliance issues. Non-conformance to these standards can result in confusions and give rise to legal hassles.

Choose Wisely

Public cloud computing is a mixed bag and comes with certain benefits and disadvantages. The primary motivating factor behind many business's decision to use public cloud servers is the affordability of this model. You must, however, avoid taking the decision based on the price factor alone and should analyze and discuss these pros and shortcomings of public cloud with your service provider.   

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